Our South American ski journey started two weeks earlier in Santiago, just a two and a half hour drive from that hot tub in Portillo. Our three-person crew departed from Colorado and Vermont, exchanging vanishing summer nights and autumn days for a taste of winter and spring in the Andes.But when we stepped off the plane into the bustling city of Santiago, we were blasted by an oppressive wave of heat. Slightly disconcerted by the temperature, our spirits lifted as we saw white peaks towering above the Santiago skyline. We hopped on a bus and made for the Andes.
As we left the city and began switchbacking up the road to Farellones and the Tres Valles region, which includes La Parva, El Colorado and Valle Nevado resorts, we quickly gained nearly 7,000 feet of elevation. The landscape grew barren over the dizzying approach; conifer trees gave way to El Quisco cacti, 15-foot behemoths that exemplify the thirsty ecosystem.
It turns out, we weren’t the only ones taking advantage of the quick escape into the mountains. The Tres Valles region’s proximity to Santiago has served as an integral part to the development of the snow sports industry in Chile, notes Donny Roth, owner and guide at the human-powdered Chile Powder Adventures, which operates throughout the country. “Those resorts, particularly Farellones, are a very important piece to Chilean ski culture,” he says. “That’s where Chileans learn how to ski.”That ski culture, a result of relatively easy access to ski resorts and an growing Chilean middle class, extends beyond the resort, too. “We’re seeing way more Chileans at Arpa and a lot more in the backcountry scene,” says Anton Sponar, a guide at Ski Arpa Cat Skiing. At just under 70 miles from Santiago, the operation offers access to 5,000 acres of off-piste terrain.
But as resort and backcountry skiing become ingrained into Chilean culture, impacts of climate change are starting to become apparent. Roth has been skiing and working in the region since 2004 and has noticed significant changes in weather patterns. During his 2005 winter season, 14 meters of snow fell on the slopes of Portillo, yet only five meters fell in 2015. The record for Portillo, Roth estimates, is around 21 meters.
This drop in snowfall is largely attributed to the chronic drought that has affected Chile for the last several years. In the spring of 2015, El Niño brought much needed rain and snow to farmers and ski resorts across the country, but by the end of September, Santiago’s year-to-date precipitation still remained 40 percent below average.
And, according to recent findings in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), these drought conditions will only get worse, affecting ski enthusiasts and farmers alike.Now in 2016, the season seems to have unraveled as predicted, with warmer and drier conditions throughout the country. The Tres Valles region, as well as Portillo and Ski Arpa, yet again logged below average precipitation levels. A few well-timed storms kept the ski areas open, but if these trends persist, many Santiago residents may lose their nearby ski access. Rather than the two-hour drive from Santiago, residents would have to drive five to seven hours south to Nevados de Chillan or Corralco, which both generally receive more precipitation on average.
While there are certainly some disturbing trends in the climate, the EPA suggests there is always uncertainty and variability with a warming climate. Even with hotter and drier conditions, there will most certainly still be good snow years, even if they become less frequent.
As for Sponar, he’s staying positive and has big plans for the future of Ski Arpa. Construction of a 20-person lodge is to be completed in the next two-to-three years, and he hopes to add heli-skiing as an option for Arpa clients. “I guess I’m an optimist. I want to keep going with Arpa as long as I can,” he admits.And while Roth laments the anthropogenic alterations of Chile’s climate, his guiding business is actually adaptable to these changes. Ironically, this year’s drier conditions and fewer storms boded well for Chile Powder Adventures. Roth says, “On years like this, we have easier access to the mountains, fewer down days and deal with fewer avalanche problems.”
Leaving the Portillo hot tub, my new Chilean friend’s story resonates in my head. We pack the van and head out to Las Leñas, where we would finally encounter our deepest days of the trip. Winter in the Cordillera de los Andes may be fading, but it isn’t over yet.